Financing a Craft Brewery Through SBA-Guaranteed Loans

It is often difficult for a startup to receive loans from local, regional and national banks. The Small Business Administration has become an alternative option for startups to receive funding. The Small Business Administration was founded on July 30, 1953 and provides loans, loan guarantees, and other assistance to small businesses. The SBA has a variety of programs depending on the borrower’s needs. Two programs that have been helpful for small craft breweries are the 7(a) and CDC/504.The SBA 7(a) is the most common loan program. To be eligible for assistance businesses must meet certain criteria. The business must operate for profit and be small. The definition “small” varies by industry and is based on the size standard of that industry. Small business size standard represents the largest size a business may be to remain classified as small and is stated by the number of employees or average annual receipts. Breweries size standards in number of employees is 1,250. The business must also be in the United States, have reasonable invested equity, have alternative financial resources, and use the funds for a sound business purpose. There are also a list of ineligible businesses listed on the SBA website. The 7(a) loan can be used for a variety of finance and business purposes. Some of these include short-term or long-term working capital, purchasing equipment, machinery, furniture, supplies or materials, purchasing real estate, constructing a new building, refinancing existing business debt, or establishing a new business. The SBA does not set a minimum loan amount but has a maximum loan amount of $5 million. The fees vary depending on the loan amount. They can range from 0% for loans under $150,000, 3% for loans $700,000 or more, and up to 3.75% for loans of $1,000,000 or more. Interest rates are negotiated between the applicant and the lender and can include both fixed and variable interest rates. The SBA can guarantee as much as eighty-five percent of loans up to $150,000 and seventy-five percent on loans of more than $150,000.

CDC, community development corporation, are not-for-profit organization incorporated to provide programs and engage in other activities that support community development. The CDC/504 Loan Program is primarily used to provide financing for major fixed assets. This can include the purchase of land, existing buildings, construction of a new facility, improvements to the building, or long-term equipment. It cannot be used for working capital or inventory. This loan is good for a brewery that is only seeking funding for brewery equipment or improvements on the building. For a CDC/504 program, a bank partner will provide 50% of the loan, a CDC will guarantee another 40% of the loan, and the remaining 10% is borrower equity. However, in some circumstances the borrower may be required to contribute up to 20%. The loan amounts are determined by how the funds will be used and rates are fixed. Unlike the 7(a), the CDC/504 is limited in what it can be used for and might not be the best option depending on what the brewery needs the funds for.There have been a few breweries that have found success using the SBA for loans. One in particular is Upstream Brewing Company. Upstream Brewing Company was able to get a SBA-guaranteed loan from a national bank for $750,000 to pay for a new brewhouse, equipment, and furnishings for a new location in Omaha. They had success for many years and when they were ready to renew their lease they looked into purchasing the property outright. Upstream Brewing Company reached out to another approved lender under the SBA for a 504 loan. They were able to be approved for a $1.4 million 504 loan in 2012 to purchase the location. Brain Magee, president and owner of Upstream Brewing Company, said that without the help of the SBA’s 504 loan program, it might not be a stretch that Upstream Brewing Company’s west Omaha location would have vanished from the scene.

Based on information in “Entrepreneurial Finance”, by Steven Rogers, there are several ways for improving your chances as an entrepreneur in obtaining an SBA-guaranteed loan. One way to do this is by ensuring you have good credit history and no personal financial problems. Having an excellent business plan that outlines realistic goals and forecasts can increase the likelihood of receiving a loan. Utilizing other services and programs such as Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), SCORE, and Small Business Learning Centers can help with management and technical assistance, business plan preparation, and training tools.

Alternative Sources of Business Growth Finance: There Is More Than One Way to Fund Growth

Talk to any business owner or read the business section of any newspaper and you’re likely to come across stories of struggles to access sufficient finance to grow or maintain their business. But we are beginning to witness a change in how business owners access finance with many now actively seeking out alternative sources.

A survey carried out by the UK’s Forum of Private Business found that 26% of businesses were hunting out alternative financial products, with 21% seeking them outside of the traditional main High Street lenders. In fact, in another survey undertaken by the Federation of Small Businesses, it was discovered that only 35% of respondents used a traditional overdraft facility in 2011.

So, if banks are continually reluctant to lend to all but the lowest risk businesses, how can the remainder of the UK’s business population finance growth? Here are some of the increasingly popular alternative sources of finance to investigate.

Better Management of Working Capital

This may appear to be an odd source of finance but very often businesses are sitting on undiscovered cash reserves which can be used to finance growth. A report issued by Deloitte in 2011 revealed that the UK’s largest businesses were sitting on £60 billion of unproductive working capital. Inefficiencies in how working capital (debtors, stock and creditors) is handled can unnecessarily tie up your cash. Cash can be unlocked and released back in to the system thereby allowing self-financed growth plans by taking a close look at credit procedures, how credit terms are granted and how outstanding payments are chased.

Ensuring that stock is kept at an optimum level via better inventory management is another area where cash can be released to support and finance growth. Take a good look at your inventory management process and identify areas where cash is trapped.

Good management of working capital is not just about better control of debtors and stock, it is also about maximising the terms given by creditors. Are you too eager to maintain a first class relationship with your suppliers by paying well before the due date? You can positively impact your cash position by taking full advantage of terms offered by your suppliers. Have you fully leveraged your position by seeking an extensive of terms from say 30 days to 45 days?

Being more efficient in how working capital is managed can release sufficient funds to self-finance growth plans.

Personal Resources

With traditional avenues of funding being more difficult to access business owners are now looking to their personal resources to fund growth. Whether it be drawing on cash savings, using personal credit cards or taking additional mortgages on residential properties, such sources are an instant solution. A survey by the Federation of Small Businesses found that 33% of respondents had utilised their savings to fund growth. As well as being more immediately accessible using personal resources is often a cheaper source of finance.

Family and Friends

Sometimes referred to as the three F’s – family, friends and fools – this can appear to be a less stressful way of raising finance. In some ways it can but it can also be a journey fraught with danger. Tapping into their personal network business owners source finance by either seeking a loan and offering to pay an interest rate higher than that on offer on a High Street savings account, or offering a slice of equity in the business in return for investment.

Raising finance in this way can be relatively easy because the request and fulfilment is very much based on personal trust. Typically a Business Plan would be presented highlighting both the investment opportunity and the risks but at the end of the day success is down to the depth of the relationship and level of trust.

The danger in raising funds this way is that the nature of the relationship will change from that of a personal nature to a business transaction. Failure to regularly pay as per agreed terms, or even total failure to pay, can irreparably damage the relationship so tread with care.

Asset Finance

The Asset Finance industry is based on the concept of either preserving cash or speeding up access to it. Asset finance, which consists of invoice discounting, factoring and funding of asset purchases, has been available as a source of finance for many years, yet it’s only now gaining more recognition. Figures released by the Asset Based Finance Association, a trade association representing the industry, show that to the third quarter of 2011 the amount financed by the Association’s members increased by 9% compared to the same period in the previous year. Whilst the increase may not seem significant it is against the backdrop of a fall in traditional bank lending.

In a world where ‘cash is king’ asset financiers help preserve cash by financing the purchase of assets such as vehicles, machinery and equipment. Because the financier is looking to the underlying asset as security there is usually no requirement for additional collateral. According to the Asset Finance and Leasing Association one in three UK businesses that have external finance now utilise asset finance.

Asset financiers can help speed up the flow of cash within a business by allowing quicker access to cash tied up in the debtor book. An invoice discounting and factoring facility gives businesses the ability to immediately access up to 80% of an invoice instead of waiting for the agreed credit terms to run their course. Such finance facilities will speed up the velocity of cash within the business thereby allowing the business to fund a high rate of growth.

New players such as Market Invoice are entering the market to allow businesses to raise finance against selected invoices. Tapping into high net worth individuals and funds Market Invoice acts as an auction house with funders ‘bidding’ to advance against certain invoices.

Crowfunding and Peer-to-Peer

A relatively new phenomenon is the concept of raising finance by tapping into the power of the crowd. The historically low rates of interest payable on savings have led to depositors seeking out new ways to increase their returns. With business owners struggling to raise the funding they need it’s only natural that a market would be created to bring these two parties together.

CrowdCube entered the market in 2010 to match private investors seeking to be Dragons with those businesses looking to raise capital. Once a business passes the initial review stage their proposal is posted on the site and potential investors indicate the level of investment they wish to make with the minimum amount being as low as £10.

Businesses looking for a more traditional loan should consider Funding Circle. Established in 2010 Funding Circle also matches individual investors looking for a better return with those businesses seeking additional finance. Businesses can apply for funding between £5,000 and £250,000 for a period of 1, 3 or 5 years. As a minimum the business has to have submitted two years Accounts with Companies House and be assessed in order to arrive at a risk rating which guides potential investors.

As the crowd sourcing concept matures we are likely to see more players enter this market to capitalise on the need for better investor returns and easier access to business finance.

There is More Than One Way to Fund Growth

Accessing finance to fund growth plans does not have to be difficult if you are prepared to seek out alternative providers. Funding growth is now no longer the exclusive preserve of the traditional High Street bank and it’s now down to business owners to seek out the alternative routes.